Last Updated - 2.24.2015
Edible Wild Mushrooms Commonly Found In Pennsylvania And Personally Eaten Regularly
Photo of winecap Stropharia
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Aborted Armillaria
Armillaria abortivum
Aborted entoloma

Almost Bluing
King Boletus

Boletus subcaerulescens

Artist's Conk
Ganoderma applanatum

Bear's Head Tooth
Hericium americanum

Birch Polypore
Piptoporus betulinus

Black Trumpets
Craterellus fallax

Clitocybe nuda

Brick Caps / Brick Tops
Hypholoma sublateritium

Cauliflower Mushroom
Sparassis spathulata

Chicken of the Woods
Laetiporus sulphureus

Inonotus obliquus

Comb Tooth
Hericium coralloides

Common Laccaria
Laccaria laccata

Corrugated Cap Milky
Lactarius corrugis

Giant Puffball
Langemannia gigantea

Golden Chanterelle
Cantharellus cibarius

Hedgehog Mushroom Big
Dentinum repandum

Hedgehog Little
Dentinum umbilicatum

Hen of the Woods
Grifola frondosa

Honey Mushrooms
Armilleria mellea

Horn of Plenty
Craterellus cornucopioides

Horse Mushroom
Agaricus arvensis

Hygrophorus Milky
Lactarius hygrophoroides

Lilac Bolete
Xanthoconium separans / Boletus separans

Lingzhi / Reishi
Ganoderma lucidum & G. tsugae

Lion's Mane / Old Man's Beard
Hericium erinaceus

Meadow Mushrooms / Pinkies
Agaricus compestris

Oyster Mushroom
Pleurotus ostreatus

Purple-gilled Laccaria
Laccaria ochropurpurea

Quilted Green Russula
Russula virescens

Red Chanterelle
Cantharellus cinnabarinus

Rooted Oudemansiella
Oudemansiella radicata

Shaggy Mane
Coprinus comatus

Smooth Chanterelle
Cantharellus lateritius

Tinder Fungus
Fomes fomentarius

Turkey Tail
Trametes versicolor / Coriolus versicolor / Polyporus versicolor

Two-colored Bolete
Boletus bicolor

Voluminous-latex Milky
Lactarius volemus

Winter Chanterelle
Cantharellus tubaeformis
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The Prince ? or Almond Mushroom ?
Agaricus augustus or A. subrufescens
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Photo of Wild Food Foraging
Wild Food Foraging
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Black morels, white morels, grey's, rubbernecks, peckerheads, blond's, red's, half-free's, yellow morels, longnecks, etc., etc.    Many names.   All very confusing.
Even mycologist can't agree with much of the taxonomy.
Photo of a very black Black Morel among the undergrowth in a mixed woods lot.Photo of two Black Morels with more brownish coloring than black
Photo of a Yellow Morel with whitish coloringPhoto of two Yellow Morels that have just popped out of the leaf litter. They look more 'Blond' than yellow
Even with names like Black Morels and Yellow Morels the colors within a 'type' can vary greatly throwing more confusion into the mix.
The top row shows variations in the Black Morels. Some are more black some are brown.
The bottom row appears as if there is a White Morel and a Yellow Morel but they are both Yellow Morels.

Some mycologist's say there are only three different types of true morels and other mycologist's say there are dozens.

Three things are for sure though:
1. Timing to the search / hunt is more critical than in many other species of mushrooms, and
2. You have to look in the right place during that right time, that is, in and among the kinds of trees that the mushrooms like to grow near, if you want success,
3. AND, You have to develope - 'Morel Eyes'.

What makes it even a bit more difficult is that often, both the time and the associated trees have to be together. You can for example be in the perfect habitat, conduct searches several times over several days in that habitat and be unsuccessful, possibly because you are too early or possibly too late already.

OR, you just did not see it.
It is finding that first morel of any day's hunt that is the most important. It is that first one that gives you the confidence that they are around and YOU CAN find them.

So what constitutes a really good habitat?
Although morels have been reported to have been found virtually anywhere, even where totally unexpected, there are some habitats that stand out.

Here is Pennsylvania, specifically southwestern Pennsylvania, we do not have conifer loving morels nor do we have burn site morels like out West,
SO, good habitat here is:

Tulip stands ( here in Pennsylvania commonly referred to as Tulip Poplar trees even though not Poplar ),
Apple trees ( old ),
Elm trees ( better if they're dying ),
Ash trees, and

An area that has several of these species intermixed, if you can find it, would be perfect.

Black Morels

If you are diligent - very diligent - and search in the proper habitat and if the weather is of the proper type, you can start finding little Black Morels as early as late March. I have found them as early as March 28.
The Blacks are usually the first species to make their appearance.
Photo of 22 Black Morels found on March 28, 2012 with a Get-Go receipt to verify date.
Black Morels found on March 28. Look at the receipt's date.

Some people though just can't seem to 'see' the small, black morels, even when looking directly at them. Every wild mushroom picker probably knows someone like that.

If you're searching in late March or early April, for instance in stands of trees which are predominately tulip poplar like the photos further down show, you will need to train your 'Morel Eyes' to be alert for darker colors and smaller treasures.
Black morels are difficult to spot because their coloring is almost the same as the dead and dying leaves. Look at the next photo and note the colors and hues of the leaf / debris and compare that to the morels. It's camouflage that is hard to beat.
Plus they are usually smaller. Plus - you are looking down at them while searching so you are only seeing a small portion of the top of the morel as you are walking along.
Photo demonstrating the camouflaged nature of early Black Morels - March 28, 2012
These are really difficult to spot unless you have 'Morel Eyes'.

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