Last Updated - 7.24.2013
Edible Wild Mushrooms Commonly Found In Pennsylvania And Personally Eaten Regularly
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Aborted Armillaria
Armillaria abortivum
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Formerly
Aborted entoloma

Almost Bluing
King Boletus

Boletus subcaerulescens

Artist's Conk
Ganoderma applanatum

Bear's Head Tooth
Hericium americanum

Black Trumpets
Craterellus fallax

Blewits
Clitocybe nuda

Brick Caps / Brick Tops
Hypholoma sublateritium

Cauliflower Mushroom
Sparassis spathulata

Chicken of the Woods
Laetiporus sulphureus

Chaga
Inonotus obliquus

Comb Tooth
Hericium coralloides

Common Laccaria
Laccaria laccata

Corrugated Cap Milky
Lactarius corrugis

Giant Puffball
Langemannia gigantea

Golden Chanterelle
Cantharellus cibarius

Hedgehog Mushroom Big
Dentinum repandum

Hedgehog Little
Dentinum umbilicatum

Hen of the Woods
Grifola frondosa

Honey Mushrooms
Armilleria mellea

Horn of Plenty
Craterellus cornucopioides

Horse Mushroom
Agaricus arvensis

Hygrophorus Milky
Lactarius hygrophoroides

Lilac Bolete
Xanthoconium separans / Boletus separans

Lingzhi / Reishi
Ganoderma lucidum & G. tsugae

Lion's Mane / Old Man's Beard
Hericium erinaceus

Meadow Mushrooms / Pinkies
Agaricus compestris

Oyster Mushroom
Pleurotus ostreatus

Purple-gilled Laccaria
Laccaria ochropurpurea

Quilted Green Russula
Russula virescens

Red Chanterelle
Cantharellus cinnabarinus

Rooted Oudemansiella
Oudemansiella radicata

Shaggy Mane
Coprinus comatus

Smooth Chanterelle
Cantharellus lateritius

Tinder Fungus
Fomes fomentarius

Turkey Tail
Trametes versicolor / Coriolus versicolor / Polyporus versicolor

Two-colored Bolete
Boletus bicolor

Voluminous-latex Milky
Lactarius volemus

Winter Chanterelle
Cantharellus tubaeformis
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RARE FINDS and/or QUESTIONABLE

The Prince ? or Almond Mushroom ?
Agaricus augustus or A. subrufescens
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Wild Food Foraging
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Agaricus compestris

Meadow Mushroom / Pinky / Pink Bottom

I don't know about you but when I am out-and-about driving in the countryside after there has been several days of rain in warm weather - Spring, Summer or Fall - I have trouble keeping my eyes on the road.
I am looking for those little white beacons out in the fields in every well maintained grassy area.
All it takes is to spot one, like that shown below, to make my brakes squeal.
Photo of a Meadow Mushroom cap in the grass - Agaricus compestris

It's surprising that I have never been rear-ended in all my years of mobilized foraying.

What you want to find when checking out those white beacons are some pink gills underneath. Photo of a trio of Meadow Mushrooms - Agaricus compestris
The pink gills are one of the definite requirements before proceeding further into potential picking. That's not to say that the pink gills signify a safe edible - only that it is a first step to further check into the mushrooms identification.

~~~*~~~ Not all white or whitish colored mushrooms you spot out in the fields will have pink gills.
~~~*~~~ Indeed, some won't even have gills ( puffballs ).
~~~*~~~ Also, not all mushrooms found in fields that have pinkish colored gills will be safe edibles.

You will occasionally stop your car with a squeal, park your car hazardously and walk a hundred yards or so and find disappointment.

However, you can just as well find so many goodies that you will actually give up on the picking because your back is aching.

'Meadow Mushrooms' don't get big. Caps can get around 3 inches wide.
There are other varieties of edible field mushrooms that do get bigger but 'Meadow Mushrooms' don't.
Photo of a handful of freshly picked Meadow Mushrooms - Agaricus compestris

A good comparison to their overall size is to say that they are a little smaller than those white mushrooms that are sold in grocery stores. Those are first cousins to the Meadow Mushroom and because they are cultivated they have a tendency to be a bit bigger, in all stages of growth.
It's synonymous to what happens with wild apples and the cultivated.

Pinkies have a cap color that is white to whitish with dirty light-brown areas.
Photo of a Meadow Mushroom demonstrating the average size of the cap - Agaricus compestris

Shape is convex and flattens in age.
Here you can see various cap shapes. Photo of a handful of Meadow Mushrooms showing cap shapes, gill color and stems - Agaricus compestris
Various cap shapes shown.

The stem will usually have an annulus ( a fragment of the veil appearing as a ring ).
Some times the annulus will be absent or almost absent. It's very fragile and can be rubbed off.

There is a variety of Meadow Mushroom called the False Meadow Mushroom ( Agaricus andrewii ) which does not have a annulus. It has a annular zone that appears as if there was a annulus there. Since that mushroom is also a choice edible it does not much matter if the annulus is there or not
( as long as all the other features for the Meadow Mushroom are present ).
Close-up photo showing stem and annulus - Agaricus compestris

The stems are generally equal, sometimes a bit narrowed at the bottom. They will appear a bit hairy below the ring.
The one below is upside-down to better see the hairy ( fibrilose ) nature of the stem.
Photo of a Meadow Mushroom demonstrating the hairy nature of the stem - Agaricus compestris


The gills are a definite pink turning chocolate brown as the mushroom matures.
Photo of Meadow Mushrooms showing the change in gill color - Agaricus compestris


The gills are NOT atached to the stem.
The flesh is white. Pinkish-brown where bruised or injured.Photo of half a Meadow Mushroom showing the gills and the gill attachment to stalk - Agaricus compestris

Spore print is brown.

It's very important that for the initial identification of these mushrooms that you take a spore print.


Best practice:
    Do what I have been doing for 35 years - pick only the perfect prototype:

1. First, make absolutely sure the gills are pink when young.
2. Pull the entire stem, even the portion below the ground, to make sure there is no volva.
3. For the buttons, look for the pink.
Photo showing how to check under the veil to see if the gills are pink - Agaricus compestris
Even the little buttons, when very young ( and really delicious ) need to be checked.
Open the veil a bit and look inside.


4. Cut the buttons in half to be certain that:
     A. There will be gills developing ( puffball buttons will sometimes fool you ), and
     B. If so, whether you can tell if they will be pink ( if you can't say for certain that they will - pitch it ).
Photo of a Meadow Mushroom button which has been cut in half to check that it will be a gilled mushroom rather than a puffball - Agaricus compestris
Here is a very young button stage mushroom cut right down the middle.
It can be seen readily that it is a 'gilled' mushroom
( therefore not a puffball )
AND that this mushroom's gills are pinkish, even at this early stage.

Agaricus compestris - A/K/A - Meadow Mushroom, Pinky, Pinkies, Pink Bottom.
DATE - June through October.
FOUND - Westmoreland County Park-Mammoth. Laurel Hill State Park, near Bakersville, Pennsylvania. Kooser State Park. Many other big open grassy areas.

Weather conditions: It has been very hot and dry in 2012. However, where they have grown in the past they appeared again after a bit of wet weather.

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