Last Updated - 2.24.2015
Edible Wild Mushrooms Commonly Found In Pennsylvania And Personally Eaten Regularly
Photo of winecap Stropharia
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Aborted Armillaria
Armillaria abortivum
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Formerly
Aborted entoloma

Almost Bluing
King Boletus

Boletus subcaerulescens

Artist's Conk
Ganoderma applanatum

Bear's Head Tooth
Hericium americanum

Birch Polypore
Piptoporus betulinus

Black Trumpets
Craterellus fallax

Blewits
Clitocybe nuda

Brick Caps / Brick Tops
Hypholoma sublateritium

Cauliflower Mushroom
Sparassis spathulata

Chicken of the Woods
Laetiporus sulphureus

Chaga
Inonotus obliquus

Comb Tooth
Hericium coralloides

Common Laccaria
Laccaria laccata

Corrugated Cap Milky
Lactarius corrugis

Dryad's Saddle
Polyporus squamosus

Giant Puffball
Langemannia gigantea

Golden Chanterelle
Cantharellus cibarius

Hedgehog Mushroom Big
Dentinum repandum

Hedgehog Little
Dentinum umbilicatum

Hen of the Woods
Grifola frondosa

Honey Mushrooms
Armilleria mellea

Horn of Plenty
Craterellus cornucopioides

Horse Mushroom
Agaricus arvensis

Hygrophorus Milky
Lactarius hygrophoroides

Lilac Bolete
Xanthoconium separans / Boletus separans

Lingzhi / Reishi
Ganoderma lucidum & G. tsugae

Lion's Mane / Old Man's Beard
Hericium erinaceus

Meadow Mushrooms / Pinkies
Agaricus compestris

Oyster Mushroom
Pleurotus ostreatus

Purple-gilled Laccaria
Laccaria ochropurpurea

Quilted Green Russula
Russula virescens

Red Chanterelle
Cantharellus cinnabarinus

Rooted Oudemansiella
Oudemansiella radicata

Shaggy Mane
Coprinus comatus

Smooth Chanterelle
Cantharellus lateritius

Tinder Fungus
Fomes fomentarius

Turkey Tail
Trametes versicolor / Coriolus versicolor / Polyporus versicolor

Two-colored Bolete
Boletus bicolor

Voluminous-latex Milky
Lactarius volemus

Winter Chanterelle
Cantharellus tubaeformis
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RARE FINDS and/or QUESTIONABLE

The Prince ? or Almond Mushroom ?
Agaricus augustus or A. subrufescens
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Photo of Wild Food Foraging
Wild Food Foraging
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Boletus separans / Xanthoconium separans

Lilac Bolete / Lilac edulis

True Boletus edulis ( Porcini, Cepe, Steinpilz, King Bolete ) mushrooms are a bit scarce in southwestern Pennsylvania. I am always searching for prime habitat for such mushrooms, even when I am not out and about searching for mushrooms.

Once while on a golf outing at a course in mid September I ran across sporadic growths of some under and near spruce trees that lined the left and right fairways on a few holes. Unfortunately, being a golf course, I left them all alone. Chemicals of all types are applied on golf courses so picking mushrooms on them is not a good idea. Also, unfortunately, I did not have my camera along.

There are plenty of other Boletes/Boletus'/Boleti however that will fill the bill when it comes to enjoyable taste. Several are not so hard to find and each has it's own good points.

Boletus separans is such a mushroom.
Photo of two Boletus separans / Xanthoconium separans mushrooms held


You'll find the Lilac Bolete in lightly forested areas where there are oak trees in abundance. The oaks and the Lilac Bolete have a biological partnership so keep your eyes open for open areas under oak trees. I know of several parks and picnic areas with just such conditions so they are on my list of places to check when there are wet conditions in the Summer.
Photo of habitat type for finding Boletus separans / Xanthoconium separans mushrooms
This is a picnic grove near a church that is loaded with oaks and which is sporadically mowed. Perfect.

Once you find a patch make sure you never forget it. What you want will grow there every year - as long as the weather conditions cooperate. You can pick these every few days from June through August in our area of southwestern Pa.

Xanthoconium separans ( I hate the word Xanthoconium and prefer the older name Boletus ) have several features of the Boletus edulis group of mushrooms.

A.
White reticulations on the stipe/stalk. Sometimes more noticable than others. Other times you will have to look close to see them near the top of the stalk.
Photo showing reticulations on Boletus separans / Xanthoconium separans mushrooms

B.
White pore surface. Also, when the mushroom matures the pore surface has a yellowish or light greenish aspect - NOT pinkish or brownish.
Photo showing white pores on Boletus separans / Xanthoconium separans mushrooms

C.
Generally a stalk/stipe that is thick, usually thicker at the bottom. Sort of like the one on the right in the picture below.
However, you will also find stipes that are long and even throughout its' length, like on the left.
Photo showing two different styles of stems / stalks / stipes on Boletus separans / Xanthoconium separans mushrooms

D.
No color changes when cut.
This cap has the stalk cut out ( stalk was larvae riddled ) to salvage the cap as a good edible, ( the stalk was removed ).
This photo is a good example of 'no color changes' during injury or cutting.

Note that with the tunnel-riddled stalk removed I have gotton down to a mushroom cap that is in larvae absent, pristine condition.
Photo showing a cap with stem removed demonstrating pore layer thickness versus the context of the cap on Boletus separans / Xanthoconium separans mushrooms
( This cap, in addition to demonstrating the non-color-change aspect of the Boletus edulis group, also shows a mushroom that is just about too mature as far as my preferences are concerned.
Note that the pore layer thickness 'is almost' as thick as the meaty part of the cap. I try to make sure I do not take any home that have a pore layer thicker than the meat. Some people of course will remove the pore layer from the meat since it does peel away readily. To each their own!
)


As they get bigger the pore layer gets thicker compared to the meaty part of the cap ( see caption under the stalkless cap photo above ).
A thicker pore layer, in contrast to the naturally thinner pore surface of Boletus edulis, is also a distinguishing characteristic of this species.
So, as this mushroom's pore layer gets thicker with maturity, it becomes a bit less desirable for the table.
Photo showing a perfect size for the table of Boletus separans / Xanthoconium separans mushrooms

When picking these mushrooms for the table pick those that are solid. You don't want the bigger ones that have started to soften. Let them alone to drop their spores. They are probably all riddled with larvae anyway.
The absolute best eating size is like the one not much bigger than the one I am holding above, or the first photo at the start of the article. However, size has no bearing as to their larvae riddledness. I have often found buttons that are useless.
That's why it is important to cut the stems on each mushroom picked.
Photo showing thickness of stem and the cutting of the stem to check for larva tunnels on Boletus separans / Xanthoconium separans mushrooms

Boletus separans has a cap color that is very light brownish-pink when young which darkens as the mushroom matures, getting more color saturated but keeping that brown-pink-lilac shade.
Photo showing a group of Boletus separans / Xanthoconium separans mushrooms


Boletus separans / Xanthoconium separans - A/K/A - Lilac Boletus.
DATE - June 22 through August 18 give or take a week at either end.
FOUND - 'Near Kregar, Pa. - close to Camp Run. Laurel Hill State Park, Kooser State Park, church groves near Stahlstown and Ligonier, Pa.
Open woods with an abundance of older oak trees. Especially places that are mowed on occasion like picnic groves and/or park camping areas.

Weather conditions were wet for several days prior to the outcroppings. Temperatures were hot - higher 80's.

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