Last Updated - 2.24.2015
Edible Wild Mushrooms Commonly Found In Pennsylvania And Personally Eaten Regularly
Formerly Aborted entoloma
Bear's Head Tooth
Brick Caps / Brick Tops
Chicken of the Woods
Corrugated Cap Milky
Hedgehog Mushroom Big
Hen of the Woods
Horn of Plenty
Xanthoconium separans / Boletus separans
Lingzhi / Reishi
Ganoderma lucidum & G. tsugae
Lion's Mane / Old Man's Beard
Meadow Mushrooms / Pinkies
Quilted Green Russula
Trametes versicolor / Coriolus versicolor / Polyporus versicolor
RARE FINDS and/or QUESTIONABLE
The Prince ? or Almond Mushroom ?
Agaricus augustus or A. subrufescens
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Boletus separans / Xanthoconium separans
Lilac Bolete / Lilac edulis
True Boletus edulis ( Porcini, Cepe, Steinpilz, King Bolete ) mushrooms are a bit scarce in southwestern Pennsylvania. I am always searching for prime habitat for such mushrooms, even when I am not out and about searching for mushrooms.
Once while on a golf outing at a course in mid September I ran across sporadic growths of some under and near spruce trees that lined the left and right fairways on a few holes. Unfortunately, being a golf course, I left them all alone. Chemicals of all types are applied on golf courses so picking mushrooms on them is not a good idea. Also, unfortunately, I did not have my camera along.
You'll find the Lilac Bolete in lightly forested areas where there are oak trees in abundance. The oaks and the Lilac Bolete have a biological partnership so keep your eyes open for open areas under oak trees. I know of several parks and picnic areas with just such conditions so they are on my list of places to check when there are wet conditions in the Summer.
This is a picnic grove near a church that is loaded with oaks and which is sporadically mowed. Perfect.
Once you find a patch make sure you never forget it. What you want will grow there every year - as long as the weather conditions cooperate. You can pick these every few days from June through August in our area of southwestern Pa.
As they get bigger the pore layer gets thicker compared to the meaty part of the cap ( see caption under the stalkless cap photo above ).
A thicker pore layer, in contrast to the naturally thinner pore surface of Boletus edulis, is also a distinguishing characteristic of this species.
So, as this mushroom's pore layer gets thicker with maturity, it becomes a bit less desirable for the table.
When picking these mushrooms for the table pick those that are solid. You don't want the bigger ones that have started to soften. Let them alone to drop their spores. They are probably all riddled with larvae anyway.
Boletus separans has a cap color that is very light brownish-pink when young which darkens as the mushroom matures, getting more color saturated but keeping that brown-pink-lilac shade.
Boletus separans / Xanthoconium separans - A/K/A - Lilac Boletus.
Weather conditions were wet for several days prior to the outcroppings. Temperatures were hot - higher 80's.