Last Updated - 2.24.2015
Edible Wild Mushrooms Commonly Found In Pennsylvania And Personally Eaten Regularly
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Aborted Armillaria
Armillaria abortivum
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Formerly
Aborted entoloma

Almost Bluing
King Boletus

Boletus subcaerulescens

Artist's Conk
Ganoderma applanatum

Bear's Head Tooth
Hericium americanum

Birch Polypore
Piptoporus betulinus

Black Trumpets
Craterellus fallax

Blewits
Clitocybe nuda

Brick Caps / Brick Tops
Hypholoma sublateritium

Cauliflower Mushroom
Sparassis spathulata

Chicken of the Woods
Laetiporus sulphureus

Chaga
Inonotus obliquus

Comb Tooth
Hericium coralloides

Common Laccaria
Laccaria laccata

Corrugated Cap Milky
Lactarius corrugis

Dryad's Saddle
Polyporus squamosus

Giant Puffball
Langemannia gigantea

Golden Chanterelle
Cantharellus cibarius

Hedgehog Mushroom Big
Dentinum repandum

Hedgehog Little
Dentinum umbilicatum

Hen of the Woods
Grifola frondosa

Honey Mushrooms
Armilleria mellea

Horn of Plenty
Craterellus cornucopioides

Horse Mushroom
Agaricus arvensis

Hygrophorus Milky
Lactarius hygrophoroides

Lilac Bolete
Xanthoconium separans / Boletus separans

Lingzhi / Reishi
Ganoderma lucidum & G. tsugae

Lion's Mane / Old Man's Beard
Hericium erinaceus

Meadow Mushrooms / Pinkies
Agaricus compestris

Oyster Mushroom
Pleurotus ostreatus

Purple-gilled Laccaria
Laccaria ochropurpurea

Quilted Green Russula
Russula virescens

Red Chanterelle
Cantharellus cinnabarinus

Rooted Oudemansiella
Oudemansiella radicata

Shaggy Mane
Coprinus comatus

Smooth Chanterelle
Cantharellus lateritius

Tinder Fungus
Fomes fomentarius

Turkey Tail
Trametes versicolor / Coriolus versicolor / Polyporus versicolor

Two-colored Bolete
Boletus bicolor

Voluminous-latex Milky
Lactarius volemus

Winter Chanterelle
Cantharellus tubaeformis
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RARE FINDS and/or QUESTIONABLE

The Prince ? or Almond Mushroom ?
Agaricus augustus or A. subrufescens
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Wild Food Foraging
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Laccaria laccata

The Deceiver, Common Laccaria, Lackluster Laccaria, Waxy Laccaria

I like The Deceiver because:
It is easy to pick,
It's readily available when the season is in,
It is good for what I use it for ( stew, sausage gravy, chowder ),
It is usually as clean as you can possibly find a wild mushroom,
It very seldom has bugs in it,
It is uniform in size ( mostly ) so I do not have to do a lot of cutting up.
And, most importantly, I like the taste and texture.
I use only the caps.

It is a good mushroom that has not been given enough credit.


However, BE SURE of your identification because this mushroom is in a biologic assemblage known as LBM's ( little brown mushrooms ). That assemblage has oodles and oodles of various species, many probably unknown, and many of them are good, bad and ugly - literally.


Color:
This is the color I look for when I want to pick some Common Laccaria. No other. It's part of my prototype visual image.
Described as tawny, fulvous, ochre or rusty - all good color descriptives. Also cinnamon comes to mind. The outer perimeter of the cap being lighter in hue than the center.

As the mushroom ages or dries out the color gets lighter and lighter ( washed out looking ).
I don't pick them unless they look like those shown below.

Photo of a group of Common Laccaria - Laccaria laccata
Photo of another group of Common Laccaria - Laccaria laccata

Cap surface features:
There is a depression in the center of the cap, sometimes an actual hole.
The surface of the cap has a rough texture when looking at it close-up.
Striations can be seen along the margin from the gills underneath.
There is not much flesh to it and it is close in color to the cap.
Photo showing close-up of a cap of Common Laccaria - Laccaria laccata

Stem features:
Very scaly / scurfy.
Tough and fibrous.
Color scheme similar to cap color.
Photo of two small Common Laccaria - Laccaria laccata

The base of the stems ( the scurfiness of the stems can be seen here ) will often have white mycelium attached.
Photo showing the mycelium at the base of Common Laccaria stems - Laccaria laccata

Gill features:
The gills are very light creamish-pink or a very light flesh color.
Gills are thick and broad.
Gills lengths are irregular. Some are half long, some three quarter long, etc.
Gills are attached to the stalk and some of the gills run down the stalk a bit.
As in Laccarias the gills will have just a bit of a waxiness feel.
Photo showing gills and stems of Common Laccaria - Laccaria laccata
Photo showing the insides of Common Laccaria stems and demonstrating gill attachment to stem - Laccaria laccata

The spore print is white.
Photo of several spore prints of Common Laccaria - Laccaria laccata

When all the features, as described above, appear on what I am about to pick then I know I am picking a Common Laccaria.
Any omissions of features on what I am about to pick and I just leave it.

The caps are just the right size for cooking the way they are.

Weather conditions: Dry Summer. A couple of days of rain and they start to show up.

Best Practice: Make sure you develop an imaginary 'prototype' that you want to refer to whenever you pick these so you can be consistant. Don't deviate from that prototype.
Make sure the spore print is white, that the gills are thick, broad, feel waxy and that they are attached to stalk.
Gill color should be cream colored tending toward pinkish or light flesh color.
Stem should be very scurfy and tough.


Laccaria laccata - A/K/A - The Deceiver, Lackluster Laccaria, Common Laccaria, Waxy Laccaria.

DATE - Summer and Fall. I find them regularly in boggy, grassy areas between various oak trees at a local state park where there are cabin areas and also along a grassy right-of-way between some pines. I usually pick several of these when Purple Gilled Laccaria are also out.

WEATHER CONDITIONS - I like to keep my eyes peeled for these after several days of Summer rains.

FOUND - Small groups of 20 to 30 in several different clusters scattered in the grass. This area is my normal picking area for these mushrooms and I relish finding them because the area is 'clean', that is, the grass grows among moss so in most areas there is no bare dirt to get the mushrooms all splashed up. And because the shade is just right these mushrooms are usually in absolutely 'prototype' coloration and condition.

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