Last Updated - 2.24.2015
Edible Wild Mushrooms Commonly Found In Pennsylvania And Personally Eaten Regularly
Photo of winecap Stropharia
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Aborted Armillaria
Armillaria abortivum
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Formerly
Aborted entoloma

Almost Bluing
King Boletus

Boletus subcaerulescens

Artist's Conk
Ganoderma applanatum

Bear's Head Tooth
Hericium americanum

Birch Polypore
Piptoporus betulinus

Black Trumpets
Craterellus fallax

Blewits
Clitocybe nuda

Brick Caps / Brick Tops
Hypholoma sublateritium

Cauliflower Mushroom
Sparassis spathulata

Chicken of the Woods
Laetiporus sulphureus

Chaga
Inonotus obliquus

Comb Tooth
Hericium coralloides

Common Laccaria
Laccaria laccata

Corrugated Cap Milky
Lactarius corrugis

Dryad's Saddle
Polyporus squamosus

Giant Puffball
Langemannia gigantea

Golden Chanterelle
Cantharellus cibarius

Hedgehog Mushroom Big
Dentinum repandum

Hedgehog Little
Dentinum umbilicatum

Hen of the Woods
Grifola frondosa

Honey Mushrooms
Armilleria mellea

Horn of Plenty
Craterellus cornucopioides

Horse Mushroom
Agaricus arvensis

Hygrophorus Milky
Lactarius hygrophoroides

Lilac Bolete
Xanthoconium separans / Boletus separans

Lingzhi / Reishi
Ganoderma lucidum & G. tsugae

Lion's Mane / Old Man's Beard
Hericium erinaceus

Meadow Mushrooms / Pinkies
Agaricus compestris

Oyster Mushroom
Pleurotus ostreatus

Purple-gilled Laccaria
Laccaria ochropurpurea

Quilted Green Russula
Russula virescens

Red Chanterelle
Cantharellus cinnabarinus

Rooted Oudemansiella
Oudemansiella radicata

Shaggy Mane
Coprinus comatus

Smooth Chanterelle
Cantharellus lateritius

Tinder Fungus
Fomes fomentarius

Turkey Tail
Trametes versicolor / Coriolus versicolor / Polyporus versicolor

Two-colored Bolete
Boletus bicolor

Voluminous-latex Milky
Lactarius volemus

Winter Chanterelle
Cantharellus tubaeformis
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RARE FINDS and/or QUESTIONABLE

The Prince ? or Almond Mushroom ?
Agaricus augustus or A. subrufescens
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Photo of Wild Food Foraging
Wild Food Foraging
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Lactarius hygrophoroides

Hygrophorus Milky

Here is a real bonus mushroom when seeking other varieties. When you are out foraging for various Summer mushrooms such as boletes, chanterelles and hedgehogs keep your eyes peeled for these.

Actually there are three close look-similars ( Lactarius volemus, L. corrugis and L. hygrophoroides ), which are all great finds in their own right.
It's like the 'Three Musketeers'. Although the three guards are very similar looking you can tell instantly who is Arthos, Porthos or Aramis.

Of the threesome I believe that L. hygrophoroides is the better. Although they all taste very good my taste buds like it better. It also has a real good texture, similar to hedgehogs and golden chanterelles.
A couple of other benefits of the Hygrophorus Milky is that it is often larvae free and it is usually clean. Many times when you find them they look clean enough to wolf down right there.


Lactarius mushrooms ( milkies ) are very common in my area here in Southwest Pennsylvania.
I can honestly say that when I am out on a foray I almost always run across some milk caps of some sort.
It was that ubiquitousness that egged me on to learn that group. I figured that if I was going out to find mushrooms to eat I should learn as many varieties as possible so that I don't get 'skunked' during my hunts. Now, after several decades of self taught learning, it is not too often that I return home without some sort of bounty.

This milky is a definite recommended one.

The cap and stalk are dry and usually a bit wrinkled, sometimes with a bit of a velvety feeling.
The cap is not zonate ( concentric rings of color hues ). Color of cap and stalk is reddish-brown or orange-brown with the stalk usually being a slightly lighter hue than whatever the cap hue is.
Photo of two Lactarius hygrophoroides mushrooms - Hygrophorus Milky
Find two of these, like those shown above. Take them home.

Take a spore print. Spores should be whitish or very light cream colored.
Photo of a Lactarius hygrophoroides spore print - Hygrophorus Milky
Learn it's other features and then take one, cut it up into a couple of pieces and fry it up quickly in a bit of oil and butter. Save the other - uneaten.
Always keeping an uneaten mushroom handy when eating a new variety is good 'first time' protocol.

Hygrophorus Milkies don't get very big compared to it's two other cousins..
Photo of three different varieties of Lactarius which are similar - Hygrophorus Milky
Here are the 'Three Musketeers' all in a row ( labeled ).
The three mushrooms in the center are the Hygrophorus Milkies.
The Volemus on the left is lighter colored. The three on the right can get darker and they can get pretty good sized.


The Gills on the Hygrophorus Milky are distant ( wide apart ) compared to Volemus and Corrugis. This becomes readily apparent when you start picking various sizes of any of the three and all of a sudden you will see the difference when making your check of the mushroom.
Photo demonstrating difference in gill spacing of three different Lactarii - Hygrophorus Milky
Compare the gill spacing in the three varieties above. The middle group is the hygrophorus milky.

Gills are creamish or buff colored. They descend the stalk. When you make a cut on the gills with your knife, as you should with each mushroom you pick, you will note the latex will flow quickly. The latex is whitish slowly turning to cream colored - NOT yellow.
The cut and injured areas do not turn dark brown as in L. volemus and L. corrugis. See photo above.
Photo of the gills and stems of Lactarius hygrophoroides - Hygrophorus Milky
The latex and the flesh has no acrid character ( peppery ) so if a few drops are placed on the tongue or a small piece is chewed briefly and spit out there will be no hot / burny sensation.

This mushroom, like it's two cousins, also developes a bit of a fishy smell however it is very minimal, if even apparent. In any case, when cooking the smell is not noticable nor is there any fishy taste.

Weather conditions: Best when weather has been damp. Find these in deciduous woods or mixed woods from Summer to Fall.
They could be almost anywhere so keep your eyes open. I find them usually from late July, during the season that Chanterelles and Hedgehogs abound, through mid September.

Best Practice: Make sure there is latex running. Although Lactarii sometimes are apt not to have much latex due to weather conditions, it's best to just pass up any of these that don't have the latex. There's plenty of other good edible wild mushrooms to choose from so don't take any chances of possibly confusing some other similar looking mushroom with the Hygrophorus Milky.


Lactarius hygrophoroides - A/K/A - Hygrophorus Milky
DATE - July through September.
Weather conditions: Best when weather has been damp. Found in deciduous woods from Summer to Fall.
FOUND -They could be almost anywhere where there are a lot of oak trees so keep your eyes open. I find them usually from late July, during the season that Chanterelles and Hedgehogs abound, through September, when I am searching for Sheep's Head.
Coincidentially, those areas where I seek Sheep's Head and Chanterelles are usually beech/oak mixed woods so I usually find these milkies during my forays.

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