Last Updated - 2.18.2015
Edible Wild Mushrooms Commonly Found In Pennsylvania And Personally Eaten Regularly
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Aborted Armillaria
Armillaria abortivum
Aborted entoloma

Almost Bluing
King Boletus

Boletus subcaerulescens

Artist's Conk
Ganoderma applanatum

Bear's Head Tooth
Hericium americanum

Birch Polypore
Piptoporus betulinus

Clitocybe nuda

Brick Caps / Brick Tops
Hypholoma sublateritium

Cauliflower Mushroom
Sparassis spathulata

Chicken of the Woods
Laetiporus sulphureus

Inonotus obliquus

Comb Tooth
Hericium coralloides

Common Laccaria
Laccaria laccata

Corrugated Cap Milky
Lactarius corrugis

Dryad's Saddle
Polyporus squamosus

Giant Puffball
Langemannia gigantea

Golden Chanterelle
Cantharellus cibarius

Hedgehog Mushroom Big
Dentinum repandum

Hedgehog Little
Dentinum umbilicatum

Hen of the Woods
Grifola frondosa

Honey Mushrooms
Armilleria mellea

Horn of Plenty
Craterellus cornucopioides

Horse Mushroom
Agaricus arvensis

Hygrophorus Milky
Lactarius hygrophoroides

Lilac Bolete
Xanthoconium separans / Boletus separans

Lingzhi / Reishi
Ganoderma lucidum & G. tsugae

Lion's Mane / Old Man's Beard
Hericium erinaceus

Meadow Mushrooms / Pinkies
Agaricus compestris

Oyster Mushroom
Pleurotus ostreatus

Purple-gilled Laccaria
Laccaria ochropurpurea

Quilted Green Russula
Russula virescens

Red Chanterelle
Cantharellus cinnabarinus

Rooted Oudemansiella
Oudemansiella radicata

Shaggy Mane
Coprinus comatus

Smooth Chanterelle
Cantharellus lateritius

Tinder Fungus
Fomes fomentarius

Turkey Tail
Trametes versicolor / Coriolus versicolor / Polyporus versicolor

Two-colored Bolete
Boletus bicolor

Voluminous-latex Milky
Lactarius volemus

Winter Chanterelle
Cantharellus tubaeformis
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The Prince ? or Almond Mushroom ?
Agaricus augustus or A. subrufescens
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Wild Food Foraging
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Craterellus fallax

Black Trumpets

Black Trumpets, Trumpet of Death ( due to it's somber coloring, not it's gastronomic excellence ) and Poor Man's Truffle are some of the names used for these fungi.

Here is a nice fresh trumpet. It will get more somber - darker - but still excellent eating.
Photo of Craterellus fallax - Black Trumpet - Trumpet of Death

Many times they get to be almost black in color.
The bottoms have blunt ridges or very small pertubations even smaller than blunt ridges and appear frosted dark gray. No gills on these.
Photo of Craterellus fallax - Black Trumpet, showing a close-up of the bottom

They can be described as having a 'Flower-like' appearance.
Photo of Craterellus fallax - Black Trumpet, showing a close-up of the flower-like quality

Once you find a patch make sure you never forget it. It grows every year in the same area - as long as the weather conditions cooperate. You can pick these every few days from July through September in our area of southwestern Pa.

Here is a small group ready for picking.
Photo of a group of Craterellus fallax - Black Trumpets - Trumpets of Death

These are tough to find even when you are diligently looking. It's a lot like looking for black morels in early April. They hide so well - mostly - unless they are in the thick green moss as the photo above depicts.

Can you find the trumpet in the photo below?
Photo of a Craterellus fallax - Black Trumpet growing under the ferns - showing hiding ability

And they grow in the darndest spots! Check this photo.
Yup - right between the stems of the fern fronds. Click the photo to see it closer.
Photo of a Craterellus fallax - Black Trumpet growing between stems of fern fronds - showing that they can be anywhere

Many times I thought I found one and upon bending over discovered it to be a curled up leaf. Of course on other occasions I thought I saw a curled up leaf and upon looking closer discovered it to be that elusive trumpet.
Best practice when finding one? Squat down next to the one you found ( so as not to lose it ) and look around. In a few seconds your eyes will become accustomed to spotting them and all of a sudden you will see them surrounding you - again just like morels.

Black Trumpets are common in Pennsylvania but you have to know where to look for these in the habitat they grow, again just like morels.
You should look in mixed deciduous woods but preferably with more oak and beech trees in the mix. Find a creek or spring seep and follow along it.

These chanterelles dry real good and lose nothing in flavor after having done so. On several occasions I dry them right on the dash of the truck. Spread them on a towel and go get some more. A couple of hours later they are ready. Put them in a jar or zip up plastic bag and keep in a dry / dark place.

If you get a large quantity, like I did August 26, spread them out on some paper towels and let the fan blow over them all night. When you get up in the morning to go to the hotspot to pick more the bunch on the counter will be perfectly done. Photo of a haul of Black Trumpets all spread out and ready to dry

So, what do you do with these Black Trumpets?
You can treat them just like any other mushroom if you wish OR you can really stretch them by using them as a flavor enhancer.
They are called ' Poor Man's Truffle ' because they have such a rich mushroom flavor and aroma, they are affordable ( us poor people can find them ) AND you don't need a trained Truffle pig or $10,000 Truffle hound to find them.

If you have already dried them use them in other dishes by grinding them up over some of the food you are going eat.
Grind some up and add to mushroom soup made with other mushrooms you have in greater abundance.

Craterellus fallax - A/K/A - Black Trumpet, Trumpet of Death, Poor Man's Truffle and sometimes Horn of Plenty ( although that is more aptly applied to C. cornucopioides ).
DATE - August 25, 30, September 2, and 15, 2009.
FOUND - 'Near Kregar, Pa. - close to Camp Run.
A very lengthy patch (es)( approximately 1/2 mile long ) growing in thick moss and leaf litter along a tributary of Camp Run.
Mixed oak and beech forest.

Weather conditions were dry for several days, however these grow in area that is always damp. There are many spring seeps in the creekbed and just about every rock has moss growing on it, as do the banks - even in the driest times.

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