Last Updated - 2.17.2015
Edible Wild Mushrooms Commonly Found In Pennsylvania And Personally Eaten Regularly
Formerly Aborted entoloma
Bear's Head Tooth
Brick Caps / Brick Tops
Chicken of the Woods
Corrugated Cap Milky
Hedgehog Mushroom Big
Hen of the Woods
Horn of Plenty
Xanthoconium separans / Boletus separans
Lingzhi / Reishi
Ganoderma lucidum & G. tsugae
Lion's Mane / Old Man's Beard
Meadow Mushrooms / Pinkies
Quilted Green Russula
Trametes versicolor / Coriolus versicolor / Polyporus versicolor
RARE FINDS and/or QUESTIONABLE
The Prince ? or Almond Mushroom ?
Agaricus augustus or A. subrufescens
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Piptoporus betulinus / Polyporus betulinus
Birch Polypore / Razor Strop Fungus / Birch Conk / Kanbatake
If you out-and-about in the summer through early fall on mushroom forays you will likely come across trees with sprouting white nubbins all over them.
If it looks like the photo below it is a pretty sure sign that the tree is some type of birch and that the tree has seen better days.
More than likely those little white nubbins are young Piptoporus betulinus buttons.
The upper surface is just a bit hairy / fuzzy and, when young, is dingy whitish.
Later in the season the little nubbins get to become pretty good sized. Their upper surface start to turn brownish. However, as long as it is a current year mushroom it will more than likely still be in pretty good condition.
Some field guides say that if collected very young they can be palatable ( pleasant to taste ).
Not so in my area of southwestern Pennsylvania. The little nubbins, no matter how young, cook up to have a bitter taste. Definitely not pleasant to taste.
Yet, it is one of the few mushrooms that I use / consume every day - and I literally mean every day, and sometimes along with Turkey Tail and Chaga, as long as my supply does not run out.
I harvest several hundred every year. I wash them off ( scrub ) real good, slice them into slivers about 1/8 inch thick and dehydrate them in my Nesco dehydrator.
I use the dehydrated mushrooms for making a decoction, usually a quart at a time.
In addition to use as a medicinal brew another of the birch polypore preparation uses is as slices that are used in conjunction with bandaids or medical tape whenever I cut myself.
The common name for P. betulinus is birch polypore. These mushrooms are generally specific to various birch trees.
Finding a tree with several of these mushrooms is an extra bonus. The mushrooms are easy to cut from the tree and are not so dainty that they must be handled gingerly.
If you are into medicinal mushrooms then this is another to add to your list. Research has shown that the birch polypore has many qualities beneficial to health. Prehistoric man was even aware of the birch polypore's medicinal benefits.
Piptoporus betulinus / Polyporus betulinus. Birch Polypore, Birch Conk, Razor Strop Fungus. In Japanese - Kanbatake.
Weather conditions not relevant.