Last Updated - 2.18.2015
Edible Wild Mushrooms Commonly Found In Pennsylvania And Personally Eaten Regularly
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Aborted Armillaria
Armillaria abortivum
Aborted entoloma

Almost Bluing
King Boletus

Boletus subcaerulescens

Artist's Conk
Ganoderma applanatum

Birch Polypore
Piptoporus betulinus

Black Trumpets
Craterellus fallax

Clitocybe nuda

Brick Caps / Brick Tops
Hypholoma sublateritium

Cauliflower Mushroom
Sparassis spathulata

Chicken of the Woods
Laetiporus sulphureus

Inonotus obliquus

Comb Tooth
Hericium coralloides

Common Laccaria
Laccaria laccata

Corrugated Cap Milky
Lactarius corrugis

Dryad's Saddle
Polyporus squamosus

Giant Puffball
Langemannia gigantea

Golden Chanterelle
Cantharellus cibarius

Hedgehog Mushroom Big
Dentinum repandum

Hedgehog Little
Dentinum umbilicatum

Hen of the Woods
Grifola frondosa

Honey Mushrooms
Armilleria mellea

Horn of Plenty
Craterellus cornucopioides

Horse Mushroom
Agaricus arvensis

Hygrophorus Milky
Lactarius hygrophoroides

Lilac Bolete
Xanthoconium separans / Boletus separans

Lingzhi / Reishi
Ganoderma lucidum & G. tsugae

Lion's Mane / Old Man's Beard
Hericium erinaceus

Meadow Mushrooms / Pinkies
Agaricus compestris

Oyster Mushroom
Pleurotus ostreatus

Purple-gilled Laccaria
Laccaria ochropurpurea

Quilted Green Russula
Russula virescens

Red Chanterelle
Cantharellus cinnabarinus

Rooted Oudemansiella
Oudemansiella radicata

Shaggy Mane
Coprinus comatus

Smooth Chanterelle
Cantharellus lateritius

Tinder Fungus
Fomes fomentarius

Turkey Tail
Trametes versicolor / Coriolus versicolor / Polyporus versicolor

Two-colored Bolete
Boletus bicolor

Voluminous-latex Milky
Lactarius volemus

Winter Chanterelle
Cantharellus tubaeformis
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The Prince ? or Almond Mushroom ?
Agaricus augustus or A. subrufescens
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Wild Food Foraging
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Hericium americanum

Bear's Head Tooth

Here's another of the Hericium's that shout their existence by usually being on a dark background. These are similar to Hericium coralloides however the spines here are much longer and definitely droop straight down.
There is nothing quite like walking through the woods and coming upon something as starkly visible as the Hericiums. You do not have to stealthily sneak up and find these babies like you have to with Morels, Black Trumpets, Horn of Plenty and Sheephead.

Hericium mushrooms are some of my most favorite. I will put their genus in the top 10, at the upper end. Chunks of these in a homemade mushroom chowder is reminiscent of the texture of bay scallops.

Photo of a Bear's Head Tooth mushroom - Hericium americanum
When you find these Hericium mushrooms you don't have to review all the fine details about gill color, spacing, latex presence, latex color, changing latex colors, whether the mushroom changes colors/stains when handled, etc. When you see the long spines on these you know you have a safe edible. Plus these are great!

Here is one I am holding so you can get an idea of the sizes involved. However, they do get bigger than the one I'm holding. The smaller ones are the younger ones and therefore the fresher ones for eating.

By-the-way, the one I am holding is the same one that looks big in the first photo. Everything looks bigger when it's a close-up. My hand provides the size reference.
Photo of Hericium americanum being held

Here is another. This one a bit bigger.
Photo of Hericium americanum - larger size

As big as it appears above here is the same one being held.
Photo of Hericium americanum - larger size - being held

Hericiums, unlike the vast majority of mushrooms, like to grow high up in trees. You will often find them 10 to 20 or more feet up on an old beech tree wound or dead standing tree.

Here is a devilishly nice one 18 feet up an old snag.

Read about how I recover these high Hericium's on a regular basis.
Photo of Hericium americanum - high up on an old tree

There is also another long toothed Hericium ( H. erinaceus ) that has one main body with straight down hanging teeth and looks very similar. The difference between them and these is that these have several branches that terminate at the ends where the teeth droop. In the second photo above, where I am holding one, there are at least 7 or 8 separate parts.

These mushrooms grow on live deciduous trees ( preferably beech - as a parasite) and old downed trees and branches ( as a saprophyte).
White when fresh slowly turning yellowish/brown upon aging.

As visually blatant as these fine mushrooms are you will walk by them and not see them. I kid you not!
Here are two growing under the cut portion of a tree trunk.
I walked up a logging road for a mile and a half carefully observing 350 degrees around me on the way, however on the return trip back to my car I spotted them. Even with these, just like Morels, you need eyes on the back of your head.
35 years of picking wild mushrooms and even though I know to turn around and look behind, I still miss some mushrooms on occasion. Good thing I came out the same way I went in.

Photo of two Hericium americanum on cut end of log

Best practice is to cut off the cluster, cleanly, as close to the host tree as you can to keep all the parts together and so as not to damage the rooting base.
Remember the spot where found. It will probably appear for several years if the conditions are still favorable.

Hericium americanum - A/K/A - Bear's Head Tooth.
DATE - September 24, 2009.
FOUND - Linn Run State Park - near Ligonier, Pennsylvania.
growing on the cut end of a downed and unidentifiable tree. All I could tell was it was deciduous.

Weather conditions: Wet - all day drizzle. The two weeks prior to finding these our area was more on the dry side.

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